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West-coast semi-evergreen forests
   
 

This forest type is found below 700 m asl. It is intermediate between evergreen and moist deciduous types where several species which are common in evergreen forests and some of the trees in the moist deciduous forests are also seen. In this type also a three layer stratification of the trees are met with.

 

The upper stratum is composed mainly of Aglaia barberi, Antiaris toxicaria, Artocarpus hirsutus, A. gomezianus ssp. zeylanicus, Bischofia javanica, Bombax ceiba, Carallia brachiata, Chukrasia tabularis, Dimocarpus longan, Diospyros buxifolia, D. crumenata, Drypetes confertiflora, Dysoxylum beddomei, Hopea parviflora, Mimusops elengi, Polyalthia fragrans, Prunus ceylanica, Pterospermum reticulatum, P. rubiginosum, Sageraea dalzellii, Otonephelium stipulaceum, Terminalia bellirica, Tetrameles nudiflora, Toona ciliata, Vitex altissima, etc.

 

At the middle stratum, Aglaia barberi, Aglaia lawii, Aporusa lindleyana, Diospyros bourdillonii, D. assimilis, D. montana, D. paniculata, Flacourtia montana, Ficus callosa, F. nervosa, Harpullia arborea, Holigarna grahamii, Holoptelea integrifolia, Hydnocarpus alpina, H. pentandra, Margaritaria indica, Nothopegia colebrookeana, Olea dioica, Oroxylum indicum, Pajanelia longifolia, Schleichera oleosa, etc.

 

The lower stratum trees are Acronychia pedunculata, Agrostistachys indica, Antidesma menasu, Callicarpa tomentosa, Drypetes oblongifolia, Hunteria zeylanica, Ixora brachiata, Mallotus philippensis, Meiogyne ramarowii, Memecylon spp., Sapindus trifoliata, Xanthophyllum arnottianum, etc.

 

The woody climbers include Acacia concinna, A. pennata, Ancistrocladus heyneanus, Anodendron manubriatum, Bauhinia scandens var. anguina, Caesalpinia cucullata, Chilocarpus denudatus, Erycibe paniculata, Olax imbricata, Salacia oblonga, Sarcostigma kleinii, Strychnos colubrina, S. minor, etc.

 

The lower shrubby layer is composed of Barleria courtallica, Dichapetalum gelonioides, Dracaena terniflora, Gomphandra tetrandra, Glycosmis spp., Justicia santapaui, Leea indica, Murraya paniculata, Strobilanthes spp., etc.

   
 
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