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KERALA PLANTS
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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
     
Mangroves or tidal swamp forests
   
  Mangroves are mostly confined to the estuaries and banks of backwaters where the influence of tidal waves is pronounced. Kerala had a substantial area under mangroves. However, due to alternate land use, this unique vegetation now occupies only 17 km2 area (Basha, 1991). Common trees in the mangroves are Avicennia marina, Avicennia officinalis, Barringtonia racemosa, Bruguiera cylindrica, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Cerbera manghas, Ceriops decandra, Excoecaria agallocha, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia apetala, etc. Climbers commonly associated are Dalbergia candenatensis, Derris trifoliata, Ipomoea alba, etc.
   
 
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