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  Ziziphus mauritiana
  Citation:  Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. 3: 319. 1789; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 67. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 102. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 105. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 126. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 69. 1999; Bhandari & Bhansali in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 234. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 68. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 131. 2005; P.V. Sreekumar & A.N. Henry in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 732. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 174. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 228. 2009. Ziziphus jujuba Lam., Encycl. 3: 318. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 632. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 219(157). 1918, non Mill. 1768.
  Malayalam Name(s): Badari, Badaram, Cherumali, Elentha, Jujuba, Ilantha, Kolam, Lanthapazham, Parinthudar, Perimthudali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Jujube tree, Common jujube, Indian jujube, Chinese date
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high; bark dark grey or nearly black, with deep vertical cracks, reddish and fibrous inside; branchlets, petiole and underside of leaves white buff, tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; stipular spines solitary or in pairs, straight or one of them recurved; nodes slightly enlarged around the leaf scars; petiole 4-8 mm, stout; lamina 1.5-4 x 1.5-3 cm, ovate, elliptic-ovate, elliptic-orbicular or suborbicular, base oblique, subcordate or round, apex round and retuse, margin glandular-denticulate or serrate, glabrous above, coriaceous, strongly 3-ribbed from base, convergent; lateral nerves 2-3 pairs, pinnate, prominent, slender, intercostae obscure. Flowers bisexual, 5 mm across, greenish-yellow, in 15-20 flowered dense cymose axillary fascicles; peduncle much reduced; calyx tube 0.5 mm, woolly outside, glabrous within; lobes 5, triangular, prominently keeled on inner face; petals 5, cucullate, round at apex, deflexed with the stamens; disc 10-lobed, grooved; stamens 5, enclosed in the petals, not exserted beyond them; filaments slightly dilated at base; ovary embedded in disc, 2-celled; ovule 1, ascending; styles 2, connate to the middle; stigma 2-fid. Fruit a drupe 1 x 0.5 cm, oblong-globose, yellow or orange when ripe; 1-2-celled; seeds 1 or 2, compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kasaragode, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, also planted in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Thekkady, Angamoozhy, Kumbla, Alleppey town
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