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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Vepris bilocularis
 
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Vepris bilocularis (Wight & Arn.) Engl. in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 3(4): 178. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 151(108). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 105. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 105. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 33. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 85. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 127. 1997; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 405. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 55. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 51. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 113. 2005; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 613. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 199. 2009. Toddalia bilocularis Wight & Arn., Prodr. 149. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 497. 1875. Dipetalum bioculare (Wight & Arn.) Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 2: 138. 1850.
  Malayalam Name(s): Moothassari
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen dioecious trees, to 25 m high, bark 4-6 mm thick, surface yellowish-grey, brittle. Leaves trifoliate, alternate, leaflets 7-25 x 3-10 cm, elliptic, oblong, elliptic-oblanceolate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-obovate, apex acuminate, base acute, cuneate or rarely oblique,margin entire, revolute, glabrous, pellucid-gland dotted, coriaceous; rachis 2-10 cm long, slender, swollen at base, grooved above, glabrous, lateral nerves parallel, close, intramarginal nerve present, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, 5-6 mm across, yellow, in axillary and terminal panicles; male flowers: calyx small, saucer-shaped, 2-3 lobed; petals 2-4, free, orbicular, glandular, glabrous, imbricate; stamens 6, inserted under the disc, exserted, equal; filaments broad at base; anthers ovate; pistillodes cylindric, 2-cleft above, glabrous; female flowers: sepals and petals as in male flowers; staminodes rudimentary; ovary superior, globose, 2-4-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; stigma capitate. Fruit a berry, globose, 2-celled, fleshy, glandular; seeds 2, planoconvex, brownish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Koruthode, Kottayali, Kuruva Island, Angamoozhy, Merchiston, Thalichola
   
 
   
 
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