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  Vateria macrocarpa
  Citation:  Vateria macrocarpa Gupta, Indian For. 55: 231. 1929; Subram. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 620. 1982; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 75. 1990; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 246. 1993; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 395. 2000; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 371. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vellappayin, Valiyavellappayin, Perumpayin
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark grey, mottled with white and green, smooth; exudation resinous, pale yellowish-white. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules narrow, lateral, deciduous; petiole 25-60 mm long, stout, minutely pubescent, swollen tipped; lamina 14-40 x 6-20 cm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, base round, obtuse or subcordate, apex acute, obtuse or shortly acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 12-20 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, in panicles; sepals 5, ca. 3 mm long; petals ca.1.5 cm long; anthers linear, glabrous; ovary superior, densely tomentose, 3-celled, ovule 2 in each cell; styles slightly longer than stamens. Fruit a capsule, 15 x 5-6 cm, cylindric, lanceolate, tip acuminate, curved, splitting from the top downwards into valves.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Critically Endangered (CR)
  Altitude: -900
  Localities: Muthikulam forests, Nelluyampathy forests, Siruvani slopes
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