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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Trewia nudiflora
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Trewia nudiflora L., Sp. Pl. 1193.1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 423. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1319(922). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 271. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 374. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 348. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 428. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 370. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 742. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 440. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 344. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 645. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 382. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 300. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 459. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 155. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 755. 2009. Trewia polycarpa Benth. in Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3:318.1880; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5:424.1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1319(923). 1925; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 440. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 370. 1989; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 344. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 10. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 416. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 296. 1997; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 459. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 653. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ammanaka, Malamkumbil, Naikumbil, Pambarakumbil, Thavalamaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous dioecious trees to 20 m, bark greyish-brown, smooth; young parts tomentose or glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, 6-20 x 9-15 cm, broadly ovate or deltoid, apex acuminate to cuspidate or caudate-acuminate, base truncate, subcordate or cordate, margin entire, glabrous above, glaucous beneath, chartaceous; 3-ribbed from base, prominent, lateral nerves 3-6 pairs, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint; stipules inter petiolar, 2-3 x 1 mm, linear lanceolate; petiole 3-12 cm long, slender, glabrous, unequal at each node. Flowers unisexual, pale green. Male flowers; 3-5 mm across, numerous on 10-20 cm long peduncle; bracts ca. 3 mm across, ovate-lanceolate, pubescent; pedicels 4-5 mm long; tepals globose, ovate, splitting into 3-4 broad, concave, often reflexed segments, 4-7 x 3-4 mm; stamens many, clustered on a convex receptacle; filaments 1.5-3 mm long, free, slender; anthers oblong. Female flowers; 5-9 mm across, 4-5 on axillary racemes; pedicels 5-10 mm long, finely hairy; tepals 3-5, 4-5 mm long, broadly ovate, densely tomentose beneath, cauducous; ovary superior, 3-4 mm across, 2-4-loculed, ovule one in each cell; styles 3, 1.5-3 cm long, spreading, connate below, oblong. Fruit a capsule 2-3 cm across, woody, dark brown, broadly rounded, 3-4 loculed, pericarp very thick; seeds globose, ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-November
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along riverbanks in evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vallakkadavu, Koruthode, Rockpoint, Upper Moozhiar, Tolpetty, Sreekantapuram, Begur, Karivara slopes, Mukkali forests, Olipara forests, Kakadavu, Pooyamkutty, Canoli, Kazhuthuruthy
   
 
   
 
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