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  Tamarindus indica
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Tamarindus indica L., Sp. Pl. 34. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 273. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 409(290). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 94. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 164. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 147. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 168. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 147. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 225. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 184. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 36. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 170. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 114. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 166. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 110. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 237. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 115. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 109. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 201. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 261. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 330. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Amlam, Balapuli, Kolpuli, Puli, Valampuli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Tamarind tree, Indian date, Sampalok
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark brown to brownish-black, rough with vertical fissures; branchlets warty, tomentose. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, leaflets 20-34, opposite, sessile, 1.5-4 x 0.4-1.3 cm, oblong, apex obtuse, base unequal, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; stipules lateral, minute, cauducous; rachis 8-13 cm long, slender, glabrous, pulvinate; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure, looped at the margin forming intramarginal nerve; intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, 1 cm across, yellow with reddish-pink dots, in lax terminal racemes; bracts and bracteoles ovate-oblong, coloured, cauducous; pedicels upto 5 mm. Calyx tube narrowly turbinate, lined by disc; lobes 4, subequal, oblong, imbricate. Petals 3, outer one, 1 x 0.3 cm, rolled up, pink dotted, lateral 2, 1-1.5 x 0.7-1 cm, clawed, subequal, oblong-lanceolate, lower pair scaly. Stamens 9 monadelphous, only 3 fertile, others reduced to bristle, base pubescent; anthers versatile; ovary half inferior, stipitate, adnate to the disc, ovules many; style attenuate, tomentose; stigma globose. Fruit a pod 10-15 x 1-2 cm, oblong, fruit wall crustaceous, mesocarp pulpy, endocarp septate, leathery, indehiscent; seeds 3-8 or more, obovoid-orbicular, compressed, brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of Tropical Africa; introduced and widely grown in India and other parts of tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kallar, Chinnar, Keerapady, Adoor, Taliparamba, Karivara slopes, Walayar, Mukkali forests, Vazhikadavu, Kulathupuzha, Ariankavu, Muttar
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