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  Syzygium hemisphericum
 
  Family: MYRTACEAE
  Citation:  Syzygium hemisphericum (Wight) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.):115. 1931; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 180. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 105. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 199. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 189. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 122. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 264. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 138. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 129. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 216. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 360. 2009. Eugenia hemispherica Wight, Ic. t. 525. 1842; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 477. 1878. Jambosa hemispherica (Wight) Walp., Rep. 2: 191. 1843; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 474(335). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Payanjaval, Tholnjaval, Venjara, Venyara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 27 m high, bark surface dark-brown, smooth; branchlets terete. Leaves simple, opposite, 5.5-17.5 x 2-5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate, elliptic-oblanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, base cuneate or acute, apex acute, acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, pellucid-dotted; petiole 10-20 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 8-16 pairs, pinnate, slender, obscure, looped near the margin forming intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, 3-4 cm across, white or rose, densely packed; pedicel 5 mm long. Calyx tube 6 mm long, shortly and stoutly obconic, lobes 4, 3 x 6 mm, obtuse; disc thick. Petals 4, 7 mm across, free; stamens many, bent inwards in middle regularly when in bud; filaments 15 mm long. Ovary inferior, 2-celled, ovules many; style slender; stigma slightly acute. Fruit a berry, 23-25 mm across, globose, purple, crowned by calyx lobes.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad, Thrissur, Kannur, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kattalappara, Olikkudy, Pachakkanam, Koruthode, Karimala, Walakkad, Valiyaparathode, Ponnambalamedu, Devicolam, Lock-hert gap, Dhoni R. F., Merchiston, Thalichola
   
 
   
 
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