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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Symplocos foliosa
 
  Family: SYMPLOCACEAE
  Citation:  Symplocos foliosa Wight, Ic. t. 1234. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 582. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 783(550). 1921; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 267. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 271. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 233. 1998; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 420. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 503. 2009. Symplocos nervosa Wight, Ic. t. 1235. 1848, non DC. 1844.
  Malayalam Name(s): Parala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 6 m high; branchlets fulvous tomentose, glabrous when mature. Leaves simple, alternate, 6-12 x 2-5 cm, elliptic or oblong, apex acuminate, base acute, margin serrate, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 5-20 mm, long, stout, tomentose, grooved above; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, glabrous, prominent, midrib beneath hispid; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white; spikes unbranched, densely fulvous tomentose; bracts 4-6 x 2-2.5 mm, cauducous, brown tomentose; bracteoles early cauducous. Calyx tube adnate to the ovary, lobes 5, lobes 2-3 mm long, ovate, pubescent, tube 2-2.5 mm. Corolla lobes 5, 3.5-4 mm long, orbicular, ciliate. Stamens 30-40, unequal, many seriate, adnate to the corolla tube; anthers short. Ovary 2-2.5 mm long, inferior; ovules 2-3 in each cell, pendulous from the inner angle; style filiform; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 10 x 5 mm, ovoid, yellow.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1000
  Localities: Uppupara, Swamikkayam, Tirunalli, Aruvampara, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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