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  Swietenia macrophylla
 
  Family: MELIACEAE
  Citation:  Swietenia macrophylla King in Hook., Ic. t. 1550. 1886; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 59. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 61. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 100. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 136. 1997; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 526. 1997; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 661. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 169. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 213. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Mahogani, Manthagani
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high; bark brown. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 5-13 cm long, slender, glabrous; leaflets 4-10, opposite or subopposite; petiolule 3-4 mm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 5.5-12 x 2.5-4.5 cm, obliquely ovate-lanceolate, oblong-acuminate, oblong-lanceolate or falcate; base oblique, apex acuminate or caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining above, dull beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, pale yellow, to 8 mm across, in axillary panicles to 10 cm; pedicel 2-4 mm; calyx lobes 5, lobes 0.5 mm, suborbicular; petals 5, to 4 mm, oblong; disc annular; staminal tube 3.5-4 mm, apically 10-lobed; stamens 10; ovary superior, 5-celled, ovules many; style to 1.5 mm long, attenuate; stigma some what lobed. Fruit a capsule, 8.5 x 6.5 cm, oblong-globose, 5-valved, woody, rusty out side; seeds many, to 6 cm, winged.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Grown as avenue tree, also raised in plantations
  Distribution: Native of Central America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Nilambur, Alleppey town, Karimpuzha
   
 
   
 
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