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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Spondias pinnata
 
  Family: ANACARDIACEAE
  Citation:  Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz, Prelim. Rep. For. & Veg. Pegu Append. A.44. & B.42. 1875; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 72. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 131. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 111. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 115. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 150. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 139. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 130. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 125. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 171. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 82. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 85. 1998; D. Chandra & S.K. Mukh. in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 507. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 81. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 186. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 149. 2005; V. Chandra. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 819. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 190. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 257. 2009. Mangifera pinnata L. f., Suppl. Pl. 156. 1781. Spondias mangifera Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 751. 1799; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 42. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 261(186). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ambazham, Kattambazham, Mampuli, Pithanam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Hog plum, Indian hog plum, Wild mango
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark 15-25 mm thick, surface grey to pale brown, smooth, vertically striated; outer bark 1 mm thick, dead, corky; inner bark semi fibrous, pink, streaked with white; blaze pink; exudation colour less, gummy. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, clustered at the end of branches, estipulate; rachis 25-45 cm, slender, glabrous, swollen at base; leaflets 5-21, opposite or subopposite; petiolule 2-8 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 4-23 x 2.5-10 cm, oblong, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, base obtuse, subacute, oblique or round, apex acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous or membranous; lateral nerves many, parallel, close, slender, prominent, connected by an intramarginal nerve, intercostae reticulate. Flowers polygamous, yellowish-white, subsessile, in terminal spreading panicles; calyx small; lobes 5, imbricate, deciduous; petals 5, oblong, glabrous, spreading, valvate; disc thick, annular, 10-crenate; stamens 10, inserted below the disc; filaments slender; anthers versatile; ovary ovoid or subglobose, superior, immersed in the disc, 5-celled, 1 ovule in each cell, pendulous; styles 5, connivent; stigma spreading. Fruit a fleshy drupe, 3.8-5 cm long, yellow, endocarp woody surround by longitudinal interwoven fibres; seeds 1-3, of which only one is perfect, pendulous, oblong.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1650
  Localities: Vellanimala, Rosemala, Attathodu, Orukomban, Taliparamba, Kalliassey, Ayyappankovil-Nelliyampathi Ghat, Valayar, Pooyamkutty, Thalichola, Karulai, Thenmalai, Karamanayar region, Kurisumala, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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