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  Sida cordifolia
  Citation:  Sida cordifolia L., Sp. Pl. 684. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 324. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 89(64). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 43. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 90. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 76. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 63. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 77. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 70. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 83. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 285. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 81. 1994; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 256. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 62. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 91. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 33. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 38. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 87. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 390. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 129. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 154. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Anakurunthoti, Kattooram, Kurunthotti, Vellooram, Velluppan
  Tamil name(s): Bala
  English name(s): Country mallow, Bala
  Description: Erect, branched subshrubs to 1.5 m tall; stem green, densely tomentose with minute stellate and spreading simple hairs. Leavessimple, alternate, 1.5-5.5 x 1-3.5 cm, ovate, rarely suborbicular, apex subobtuse or acute, base cordate, margins serrate to the base; basally 3-5 nerved, densely stellate-tomentose beneath with simple hairs on nerves and soft tomentose above; petiole to 3.5 cm long, pubescent; solitary or aggregated terminally in to congested corymbiform inflorescence; pedicel to 3 mm long in flower, to 1.2 cm in fruits, articulated above the middle. Calyx 6-7 mm long, prominently 10-ribbed, densely tomentose without. Petals to 8 x 6 mm, yellow, obliquely obovate, apex truncate or slightly emarginate. Staminal column c. 3 mm long. Ovary subglobose, pubescent; styles 8-10; stigma capitate, yellow. Schizocarp 6-7 mm diam., pubescent towards apex; mericarps 8-10, to 3 x 2 mm, trigonous with acute angles, apically 2-awned; seeds brownish or black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Common along roadsides, sandy sea coasts and wastelands
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Chinnar, Kokkara, Adoor, Cannanore, Muzhapplangad, Pappinisseri, Payyanur, Walayar, Vandanam, Kanjirakadavu
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