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  Salix tetrasperma
 
  Family: SALICACEAE
  Citation:  Salix tetrasperma Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 97. 1798; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 626. 1888; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1390(973). 1928; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 266. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 442. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 458. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 396. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 300. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 314. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 777. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Attupala, Puzhappanji, Vanchi, Vanchimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous dioecious trees, to 25 m high, bark 10-12 thick, pale brown, rough, vertically fissured; blaze red; young branches silky pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules lateral, ovate, cauducous; petiole 10-25 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 6-15 x 2-5 cm, ovate, lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate; base acute or rounded; apex acuminate; margin serrate, glabrous and shining above, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-18 pairs, pinnate, close, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, in axillary catkins, to 6 cm long, minutely silky villous; male yellowish; female greenish; bracts ovate, 2 x 2 mm, densely woolly; perianth absent; stamens 5-12, unequal, free, with 2 glands at the base; anthers basifixed; disc yellow, ovary stalked, superior, 1-celled, ovoid, 4-6 ovuled; stigma 2, branched again. Fruit a capsule, 4 mm, 2-4 valved; seeds 1-4, oblong, with long deciduous hairs.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along riverbanks in semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and South China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vanchikulam, Thannikkudy, Chenthamara, Orukomban, Mukkali forests, Panthenthode border, Tolpetty, Karivara slopes, Karappa
   
 
   
 
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