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  Quassia indica
  Citation:  Quassia indica (Gaertn.) Nooteb. in Steenis, Fl. Males. ser.1. 6: 199. 1962; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 61. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 114. 1990; E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 620. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 201. 2009. Samadera indica Gaertn., Fruct. 2: 352, t.156. f.3. 1791; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 519. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 163(117). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 107. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 86. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 97. 1989; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 106. 1994; R.K. Basak in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4:420.1997; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 161. 2009. Samadera lucida (Wall.) Planch. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 5: 562. 1846.
  Malayalam Name(s): Njotta, Karinjotta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Niepa bark tree, Rangoon creeper
  Description: Evergreen tree or shrub to 10 m high. Leaves elliptic-oblong, subacute-rounded at base, acute to acuminate at apex, coriaceous, glabrous, shining, reticulately nerved. Petioles 1-2 cm long, stout. Flowers 20 or more in umbelliform glabrous or puberulous inflorescences. Peduncles 7-30 cm long, stout, flat, thick-above; Pedicels 1-1.5 cm long, to 3 cm in fruit, jointed at base; bracts minute. Calyx 2-3 cm long, 4-lobed; lobes semiorbicular, thick, puberulous outside. Petals 4, free, oblong-oblanceolate, obtuse, 1-2 x ca 0.5 cm, dorsally pubescent, white, pale yellow or purplish. Stamens 8, pubescent. Anthers oblong-lanceolate, 2-3 mm long; filaments puberulous. Ovary ca 2 mm across, puberulous; styles to 2 cm long, glabrous. Drupes 1-4 together, flat, smooth, glandular and reticulate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): Thrissur, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kollam, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Kasaragode, Wayanad, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along backwaters and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, Myanmar and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kannoth, Periya, Kalarcodu
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