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  Pterocymbium tinctorium var. javanicum
 
  Family: STERCULIACEAE
  Citation:  Pterocymbium tinctorium (Blanco) Merr. var. javanicum (R. Br.) Kosterm., Reinwardtia 7: 440. 1969; Sivar. et al., Higher Pl. Indian Subcont. 2: 5. 1991; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 70. 1996. Pterocymbium javanicum R. Br. in Bennett & Br., Pl. Jav. Rar. 219. 1844.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey-brown. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules ca. 6 mm long, subulate, cauducous; petiole 3-10 cm long, slender; lamina 10-15 x 7-12 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, base cordate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent beneath, coriaceous; 5-7-ribbed from the base, palmate, prominent, intercostae scalariform. Flowers polygamous, in terminal umbellate panicles; calyx 1.5 x 4 cm, campanulate, glabrous, lobes 5, lanceolate; stamens 10 or 8, united to form a staminal column, pubescent below; ovary superior, 5, free, sessile, gibbous at base; styles short. Fruit a follicle, 5-9 x 1.8-2.5 cm, boat shaped with a pouch-like bulging at base, glabrous, membranous, 2-lobed, lower broad, round, upper linear, obtuse, glabrous, dehiscing before maturity; seed 1, 1 cm long, basal, ellipsoid to ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Kollam, Palakkad, Thrissur, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Raised in plantations
  Distribution: Andamans to Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peruvannammuzhi
   
 
   
 
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