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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Pterocarpus santalinus
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Pterocarpus santalinus L.f., Suppl. Pl. 318. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 239. 1865; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 384(271). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Rakthachandanam, Chenchandanam
  Tamil name(s): Rakthachandan
  English name(s): Red sanders, Red sandalwood, Ruby wood
  Description: A small to medium-sized, deciduous tree upto 11 m tall with a dense, rounded crown; bark blackish-brown, deeply cut into rectangular plates, yielding a deep red latex when cut; heartwood extremely hard, dark purple. Leaves usually imparipinnate, 10-18 cm long; leaflets 3, rarely 4-5, 3.8-7.6 cm long, broadly ovate or orbicular, coriaceous, apex obtuse, slightly emarginate, undersurface pale and clothed with fine grey hairs. Flowers yellow, borne a few together in simple or sparingly branched racemes; pedicels c. 5 mm long; calyx 5-6 mm long, teeth minute, deltoid. Fruits (pods)obliquely orbicular, 3.8-5 cm in diam including the wing, base narrowed into a short, concavely curved stipe c. 8 mm long, woolly. Seeds 1-2, reddish-brown, smooth, leathery, 1-1.5 cm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Thrissur, Ernakulam, Palakkad, Malappuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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