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5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
  Premna mollissima
  Citation:  Premna mollissima Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 286. 1821. Premna latifolia var. mollissima (Roth) Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 578. 1885, nom. illeg. Gumira mollissima (Roth) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. Pl. 2: 508. 1891. Premna latifolia Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 76. 1832; Fl. Brit India 4: 577. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1096(767). 1924; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 315. 1984; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 241. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 242. 2002; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 253. 2002. Premna viburnoides Wall. ex Schauer in A. DC., Prodr. 11: 635. 1847. Premna latifolia Roxb. var. viburnoides (Wall. ex Schauer) Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 578. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1096(767). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 230. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 618. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 243. 1999; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 257. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 565. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Knappa, Munja, Nappa
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Dusky fire brand mark
  Description: Trees, to 8 m high, bark greyish-white. Leaves simple, opposite, estipulate; petiole 20-35 mm, slender, pubescent; lamina 4-10 x 2-5 cm, ovate or elliptic ovate, base rounded, truncate or cordate, apex acuminate, margin entire or serrate, puberulent above and glabrous below, membranous; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, slender, pinnate, prominent, raised beneath; intercostae scalariform, obscure. Flowers bisexual, greenish-white, in terminal corymbose cymes to 7 cm long; calyx 1.5 mm, obscurely 2 lipped, upper lip 2 and lower lip 3 lobed cupular; corolla 4 mm across, tube 2 mm, densely villous inside, lobes ovate, obtuse; stamens 4, inserted in the middle of the tube, exserted, didynamous; filaments 2 and 3 mm; anthers 0.5 mm; ovary 1 mm, superior, 4 ovuled; style 4.5 mm, linear; stigma shortly bifid. Fruit a drupe, 4 mm across, globose, black; seeds oblong.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Kannur
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Bangladesh
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Creamy, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Thekkady, Kuchimudi
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