Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
 
KERALA PLANTS
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Trees
Herbs
Shrubs
Climbers
Medicinal Plants
GENERAL
Introduction
Location
Geology & Soil
Climate
Phytogeography
Vegetation
 
GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   
 
  Polyalthia fragrans
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Polyalthia fragrans (Dalz.) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 74. 1871; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 63. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 16(11). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 63. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 48. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 3. 1995; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 271. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 33. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 41. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 9. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 5. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 61. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 48. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 164. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 102. 2009. Guatteria fragrans Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 200. 1851.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chella, Kodangi, Pullarei, Nedunar, Perumaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tall trees, to 30 m; bole straight, buttressed; bark, 10-12 mm thick, surface blackish-grey, mottled with white, smooth, lenticellate; branches horizontal, spreading; young branches tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 9-27 x 3-12 cm, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base acute, obtuse or rounded, margin entire, glabrous and shiny above, slightly pubescent on the costae and veins beneath; lateral veins 16-21 pairs, close, prominent beneath, intercostae subscalariform; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fragrant, in few flowered cymes from the axils of fallen leaves or on tubercles. Sepals 3, orbicular, 4 x 3 mm, pubescent. Petals 6 (3+3), subequal, linear-lanceolate, tomentose. Stamens numerous, cuneate, connectives concealing the anther cells, anther cells remote; carpels many, oblong-ovoid, slightly curved, stipitate, strigose, stigma broad, slightly bifid, blunt, ovules basal and ascending. Fruit aggregate of berries; berry 3-5, 1.5-2 cm, obliquely ellipsoid to broadly ovoid, blunt, hoary puberulous, ash coloured; seed one, orbicular, ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Vazhachal, Koruthode, Nadugani ghats, Orukomban, Angamoozhy, Cherunelli estate area, Nelluyampathy forests, Vazhikadavu, Thenmalai, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
Kerala News Online