Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Polyalthia fragrans
  Citation:  Polyalthia fragrans (Dalz.) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 74. 1871; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 63. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 16(11). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 63. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 48. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 3. 1995; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 271. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 33. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 41. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 9. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 5. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 61. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 48. 2005; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 164. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 102. 2009. Guatteria fragrans Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 200. 1851.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chella, Kodangi, Pullarei, Nedunar, Perumaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Tall trees, to 30 m; bole straight, buttressed; bark, 10-12 mm thick, surface blackish-grey, mottled with white, smooth, lenticellate; branches horizontal, spreading; young branches tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, 9-27 x 3-12 cm, elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, apex acute to shortly acuminate, base acute, obtuse or rounded, margin entire, glabrous and shiny above, slightly pubescent on the costae and veins beneath; lateral veins 16-21 pairs, close, prominent beneath, intercostae subscalariform; petiole 10-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fragrant, in few flowered cymes from the axils of fallen leaves or on tubercles. Sepals 3, orbicular, 4 x 3 mm, pubescent. Petals 6 (3+3), subequal, linear-lanceolate, tomentose. Stamens numerous, cuneate, connectives concealing the anther cells, anther cells remote; carpels many, oblong-ovoid, slightly curved, stipitate, strigose, stigma broad, slightly bifid, blunt, ovules basal and ascending. Fruit aggregate of berries; berry 3-5, 1.5-2 cm, obliquely ellipsoid to broadly ovoid, blunt, hoary puberulous, ash coloured; seed one, orbicular, ovoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Vazhachal, Koruthode, Nadugani ghats, Orukomban, Angamoozhy, Cherunelli estate area, Nelluyampathy forests, Vazhikadavu, Thenmalai, Athirumala
Kerala News Online