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GARDEN PLANTS
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
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  Pithecellobium dulce
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. in Hook.'s Lond. J. Bot. 3: 199. 1844; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 302. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 434(308). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 100. 1982; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 233. 1990; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 152. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 189. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 71. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 122. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 112. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 271. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 341. 2009. Mimosa dulcis Roxb., Pl. Corom. 1: 67. t.99. 1798. Inga dulcis (Roxb.) Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 1005. 1806.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kodakapuli, Korukkapuli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Blackbead, Madras thorn, Manila tamarind, Monkeypod, Guamuchil, Guayamochil
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high; branchlets densely tomentose. Leaves bi-pinnate, alternate; stipular spines to 2 cm, erect; rachis 1-3 cm long, slender, pubescent, grooved above, pulvinate, a solitary gland at the top on upper side; pinnae 2, 4-10 mm long, slender, pubescent, grooved above, a solitary gland at the top on upperside; leaflets 2, opposite; stipels 1 mm, linear; petiolule to 1 mm; lamina 1.5-3.5 ×0.5-1.5 cm, oblong-oblanceolate, inequilateral, base and apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 5-7 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, 5 mm across, creamy, heads arranged in axillary or terminal panicled spikes; peduncle to 2 cm; calyx campanulate, pubescent, lobes 5; petals 5, to 4 mm, connate in the middle, densely tomentose without; stamens many, monadelphous; filaments to 7 mm; ovary superior, sessile, ovules many; stigma minute. Fruit a pod, 8×1 cm, circinate or falcate, moniliform, turgid, dehiscent; seeds orbicular; aril white.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Planted as fuelwood tree
  Distribution: Native of Tropical America, cultivated in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Champakkad, Parambikulam, Walayar, Thottappally, Rockwood, Thenmalai, Ettapadappu, Kulathupuzha
   
 
   
 
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