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  Phyllanthus acidus
 
  Family: EUPHORBIACEAE
  Citation:  Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels, U.S. Dept. Agric. Bur. Pl. Ind. Bull. 148: 17. 1909; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 263. 1982; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 369. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 645. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 756. 2009. Averrhoa acida L., Sp. Pl. 428. 1753. Phyllanthus distichus (L.) Muell.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 14:413. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 304. 1887. Cicca acida (L.) Merr., Interpr. Rumph. Herb. Amboin. 314. 1917. Cicca disticha L., Mant. Pl. 1: 124. 1767; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1346(942). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arinelli, Nakshatranelli, Nellipuli, Nellika-pouli, Pulinelli, Seemanelli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Star Gooseberry, Grosella
  Description: Small monoecious trees, to 5 m high. Leaves distichous, 5-8 x 2-4 cm, elliptic to obovate, base rounded, apex gradually acute; petiole to 0.4 cm; stipules toothed. Flowers on leafless branchlets; pedicel to 5 mm.male numerous, to 4 mm across. Tepals 4, unequal, 2+2, ovate, 2mm, 1- nerved, acute. Stamens 4, exserted; filaments recurved, 0.6 mm; anthers oblong, 0.5 mm, dehiscence vertical. Disc glands 4. female: a few, or solitary. Ovary subglobose, 3(4) - lobed; styles 3 or 4, reflexed, forked into subulate arms. Drupe roughly 6-8-angular, depressed - globose, fleshy, ca. 1.5 cm across; endocarp hard.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Probably native of Brazil
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Purakkad
   
 
   
 
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