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  Palaquium ellipticum
 
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Palaquium ellipticum (Dalz.) Baill., Traite, Bot. Med. Phan. 1500. 1884; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 764(537). 1921; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 242. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 168. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 264. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 267. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 278. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 204. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 25, 33; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 267. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 190. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 397. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 228. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 180. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 414. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 296. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 497. 2009. Bassia elliptica Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 36. 1851. Dichopsis elliptica (Dalz.) Benth. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2: 658. 1876; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 542. 1882.
  Malayalam Name(s): Choppala, Iluppakkai, Pachendi, Pali
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark 0.85 cm, dark brown mottled with white, trunk without branches for a considerable height; exudation milky; young parts minutely pubescent, branches glabrous, sympodial. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered towards the tip, 4-11 x 3-4.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate, apex obtusely acuminate, base acute, margin entire, glabrous above, glabrescent below, dark green above, pale yellow, coriaceous; petiole 12-25 mm long, slender, slightly pubescent; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent below; intercostae reticulate, slender. Flowers bisexual, white, fragrant, in axillary fascicles; pedicels 2.5 cm, pubescent. Calyx lobes 6 in 2 series, outer 3 valvate, inner 3 imbricate, densely villous, outer 3 ovate, inner 3 lanceolate. Corolla lobes 6, campanulate, tube shorter than lobes, lobes ovate-oblong. Stamens 12-20, extrorse; filaments short, hairy; anthers lanceolate, connective produced. Ovary tomentose, 6-celled, superior; style exserted, glabrous, subulate. Fruit a berry, 3-4 x 1.5 cm, fleshy, ellipsoid, smooth, green; seeds 1 or 2, large.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Brown, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1400
  Localities: Sholayar, Choodal, Rosemala, Vellimala, Pooppara, Nelluyampathy forests, Campshed area, Pampadam, Chandanathode, Kunthipuzha dam site area, Kudam-Siruvani forests, Thalichola, Rockwood, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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