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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Otonephelium stipulaceum
 
  Family: SAPINDACEAE
  Citation:  Otonephelium stipulaceum (Bedd.) Radlk., Sapindac. Holl. Ind. 71. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 252(180). 1918; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 113. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 33. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 118. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 76. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 164. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 79. 1998; P.C. Pant in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 378. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 75. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 175. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 143. 2005; P. Singh & E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 783. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 245. 2009. Nephelium stipulaceum Bedd., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25: 212. 1865 & Ic. t. 103. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 690. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 252(180). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Poripoovam, Pavirimulei
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 18 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, pale brown, smooth, peels off in irregular thick scales. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, exstipulate; leaflets 4-8, opposite, subopposite or alternate, lower pair of leaflets stipule like, sessile, 1-2.5 x 1-2 cm, reniform, other leaflets 5.5-21 x 3-10 cm, obovate or elliptic, or elliptic-obovate, apex acuminate, base oblique, acute or cuneate, margin entire, glabrous above, glaucous beneath, coriaceous; rachis 3-20 cm, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 9-10 pairs, parallel, prominent, regular, intercostae scalariform, prominent, domatia present. Flowers polygamous, cream coloured, 5-6 mm across, in axillary and terminal panicles. Calyx cupular; lobes 6, villous within. Petals 0; disc annular, fleshy, lobed. Stamens 8, filaments unequal, slender, inserted within the disc. Ovary superior, 2-4 lobed, 2-4-celled, pubescent, ovules 1 in each cell; style terminal 3-fid. Fruit a drupe of 1-3 cocci, 16-18 mm long, oblong or ovoid, covered with soft prickles; seeds 1-2, brown, smooth.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1200
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Poringal, Rosemala, Arjunankotta, Aruvioda, Parambikulam, Kariyilathodu, Nelluyampathy forests, Sabarimala, Nilakkal, Teerthundamala, Ampumala, Athirumala
   
 
   
 
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