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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Oplismenus compositus
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: POACEAE/GRAMINEAE
  Citation:  Oplismenus compositus (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrost. 54. 168. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 66. 1896; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1778(1231). 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 341. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 477. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 470. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 358. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 547. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 459. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 942. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 581. 1990; Sreek. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Kerala Grasses 257. 1991; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 548. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 445. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 520. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 389. 1997; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 84. 1998; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 841. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 537. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 398. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 832. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 581. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 868. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 995. 2009. Panicum compositum L., Sp. Pl. 57. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Annual herbs; culms 25-80 cm long, trailing, creeping and rooting at the lower nodes; nodes softly hairy. Leaves 1.5-7 x 0.8 - 2 cm, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, margins wavy, apex acuminate, hispid; sheaths to 6 cm long; ligule a row of hairs. Inflorescence 8-20 cm long, lax; racemes 4-8, each 1.5 - 11 cm long; rachis triquetrous, pilose. Spikelets paired, 3-4 mm long, elliptic, distant, subsessile. Lower glume 2-3 x 1 mm , lanceolate, awned; awn 4-6 mm long; upper glume 2-3 x 1 mm, ovate-elliptic, aristate. Lower floret barren. Upper floret bisexual. First lemma 3-4 x 1-2 mm, ovate; palea 1-2 mm long, lanceolate; second lemma 2-3 x 1 mm, elliptic, subcoriaceous; palea 2-3 x 1 mm, elliptic, subcoriaceous, 2-keeled. Stamens 3; anthers c. 1 mm long, purple. Stigma c 1 mm long, reddish. Grains c. 1mm long, ellipsoid.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Degraded deciduous forests and shady places, also in the plains
  Distribution: Pantropical
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-800
  Localities: Peechi, Kattalappara, Pachakkanam, Vengoli, Anakkalvayal, Chembotti, Campshed area, Moozhiar, Kodumon, Manantody, Chandanathode, Nileswar, Bandukha, Kannoth, on way to Periya, Kuttikanam, Munnar, Thekkadi, way to Eravikulam, Aruvikkara, Kazhakkuttam, Kot
   
 
   
 
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