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  Ocimum tenuiiflorum
 
  Family: LAMIACEAE/LABIATAE
  Citation:  Ocimum tenuiiflorum L., Sp. Pl. 597. 1753; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 308. 1985; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 651. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 380. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 283. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 551. 1997; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 582. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 665. 2009. Ocimum sanctum L., Mant. Pl. 1: 85. 1767; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 609. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1111(778). 1924; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 236. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 324. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Govindapushpam, Krishnathulasi, Thulasi, Thrithavu, Karuthathrithavu
  Tamil name(s): Tulsi
  English name(s): Basil, Sacred basil, Holy basil
  Description: Subshrubs; branchlets hirsute with reddish-purple hairs. Leaves 1.3- 3 x 0.6-2 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, obtuse at both ends, margin coarsely serrate, puberulous; petiole to 2 cm long, covered with reddish-purple hairs. Racemes to 11 cm long, generally simple, occasionally branched at base; pedicel c. 2 mm long. Bracts to 2 x 3 mm, suborbicular. Calyx purplish, c. 3 mm long, campanulate; lobes 5, upper lip ovate, acute, lower lip hispid without. Corolla reddish-pink, to 4 mm long, tubular-campanulate; tube c. 2 mm long, dotted with sessile oil glands; lobes of upper lip oblong-orbicular; lower lip ovate-oblong. Stamens 4; filaments villous at the base of upper pair. Nutlets c.1.5 mm long, ellipsoid, dark brown.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: Throughout the year
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as a sacred plant, elsewhere as an escape
  Distribution: Palaeotropic
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Taliparamba, Kasaragod, Nooranad, Nilambur, Ariankavu, Thenmalai, Villumalai
   
 
   
 
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