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  Neolitsea cassia
  Citation:  Neolitsea cassia (L.) Kosterm., J. Sci. Res.(Jakarta) 1: 85. 1952; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 348. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 397. 1988; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 396. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 312. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 383. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 56. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 352. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 270. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 271. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 573. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 703. 2009. Laurus cassia L., Sp. Pl. 369. 1753. Neolitsea zeylanica (Nees) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. Suppl. 1: 57. 1906; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1239(867). 1925; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 406. 1990. Litsea zeylanica Nees, Amoen. Bot. Benn. Fasc. 1: 58. t.5. 1823; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 178. 1886.
  Malayalam Name(s): Keezhambazham, Pravari, Venkana, Vellakodala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 18, bark 8-10 mm thick, grey, rough, brittle. Leaves simple, alternate, opposite or in whorls, elliptic, elliptic-lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, apex acute, base acute or attenuate, margin entire, glabrous above and glaucous beneath, reticulation areolate, coriaceous; 3-ribbed near the base, faint; lateral nerves 1-4 pairs, pinnate, very faint; intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers unisexual, yellowish-green, densely seriaceous, in sessile umbels on extremely short branchlets at internodes; bracts 5 mm long, orbicular, concave, seriaceous, rather thin. Tepals 4, 2-3 mm long, narrowly ovate or oblong, acute. Stamens 6, in 3 rows; those of 2 outer rows eglandular, those of the inner row biglandular opposite the first row; filaments 4-5 mm long, greenish-yellow, thread-like, glabrous; anthers 0.5 mm long, introrse. Ovary half inferior, ovoid; style long; stigma large peltate; staminodes 6, in 3 rows. Fruit a drupe 10-12 mm across, globose, seated on disc like, crenate perianth cup of 5 mm diameter; pedicel slender.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Shola and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-1400
  Localities: Sholayar, Olikkudy, Sunderamala, Vellimala, Kariamchola, Pooppara, Devicolam, Brahmagiri, Teerthundamala, Silent Valley R. F., Ponmudi, Chemungi, Thenmalai, Ariankavu, Pongalapara, Bonaccord, Athirumala
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