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  Myristica fatua var. magnifica
 
  Family: MYRISTICACEAE
  Citation:  Myristica fatua Houtt. var. magnifica (Bedd.) Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Singapore 23: 282. 1968; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 387. 1994; Rama Bhat & Kaveriappa, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 20: 213. 1996; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 310. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 261. 1997. Myristica magnifica Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 268. 1872; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 104. 1886; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1214(850). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 249. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 341. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kotthapanu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Lofty deciduous trees; height 30 m high, bole often buttressed, with large aerial roots and pneumatophores; bark surface purplish-black, smooth; blaze pale chocolate; young parts clothed with golden brown tomentum. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious, estipulate; petiole 16-30 mm long, stout, grooved above, clothed with golden tomentum when young, glabrous on maturity, lamina 30-60 x 10-15 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong, base round, apex acute or acuminate, glabrous above, reddish tomentose beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 20-26 pairs, prominent, parallel, intercostae obscure. Flowers unisexual, urceolate, rusty tomentose; male flowers 5-6 mm long, 10-20 fascicled on woody tubercles in the axils of leaves; female 6-8 mm long, 2 or 3 in axillary fascicles; perianth ovoid-globose, silky tomentose outside, glabrous inside; lobes 3-[4] acute; staminal column much shorter than the perianth, with a short hairy stalk; stalk ovoid-cylindric, bluntly apiculate; anthers about 15, narrow, slightly unequal in length, covering almost the column. Fruit a capsule 8-10 x 6-7.5 cm, oblong-ovoid, covered with tomentum; seed one cylindrical, brown; aril orange red deeply cleft into a few broad divisions with these again much lacerated and covering the apex of the seed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-February
  District(s): Kollam, Kozhikkode, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Myristica swamp forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kattalappara, Choodal, Kulathupuzha, Kottur R.F., Kulathupuzha
   
 
   
 
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