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KERALA PLANTS
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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Mucuna gigantea
 
More images:..>> 21,000 images, 5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 6,800 local/trade/common names
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Mucuna gigantea (Willd.) DC., Prodr. 2: 405. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 186. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 355(251). 1918; N.C. Nair et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 2: 224. 1981; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 91. 1982; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 216. 1992; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 186. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 233. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 298. 2009. Dolichos giganteus Willd., Sp. Pl. 3: 1041. 1800.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kakavalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Twining, climbing lianas; stems terete or slightly ridged, glabrescent at maturity. Leaves alternate; rachis about 1/3 the petiolar length; leaflets elliptic or broadly ovate, to about 11 x 6 cm, abruptly acute apically, rounded basally, the laterals inequilateral, the surfaces glabrous when mature, the primary lateral veins in 4-5 pairs; stipules minute, acute-acuminate, 3-4 mm long, persistent. Inflorescence condensed, paniculate, pendant, about 22 cm long, many-flowered, the rachis nodes crowded distally, each node about 3-flowered. Flowers 3(-5) cm long; pedicels about 2.5 cm long. Calyx appearing 5-lobed, the tube 6-7 mm long, sericeous tomentose, the upper lobes partially connate, blunt, obtuse-acute, 2-3 mm long, the lower slightly longer. Petals sulphur-yellow, greenish-yellow or pale green, the vexillum obovate to somewhat orbicular, 1.5-3.0 cm long, the wings narrow, nearly equalling the keels, the keels 3-4.5 cm long, rising into a sharp shining, tooth-like beak. Ovary stipitate, usually few-ovulate. Fruit indehiscent, oblong, stipitate, about 10-15 x 4.5 x 1.5 cm, the exocarp smooth, sutures with a broad parallel wing to each side; seeds broadly ovoid, compressed, dark, about 2 x 2 x 1.2 cm, the hilum linear, flat, about 4.5 cm long.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kozhikkode, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests, also in sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia, Australia to the Pacific Islands
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Moozhiar, Mannarshala
   
 
   
 
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