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  Momordica dioica
  Citation:  Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 605.1805; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:617.1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 531(375). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 94. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 195. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 178. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 200. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 214. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 204. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 294. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 155. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 135. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 236. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 322. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 392. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Erimappasai, Erimapasel, Erumpavel, Kattuppavel, Kattupadavalam, Machippavel, Undapaval, Vempaval, Vennpavel
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing herbs with tuberous roots; tendrils simple. Leaves 4-8 x 3-6 cm, broadly ovate, deeply 3-5-lobed, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex acute, membranous; petiole to 2.5 cm. Flowers dioecious, solitary, axillary. Male flowers with long peduncles with foliaceous bracts at apex; peduncle 4-6 cm long. Calyx tube c. 1 cm long, lobes linear, villous. Petals c. 2.5 x 1 cm, oblong, obtuse, yellow. Stamens 3, inserted at the mouth of calyx tube; one 1-celled, two 2-celled; staminodes of 2-3 glands. Ovary oblong with many horizontal ovules. Fruit c. 3 x 2.2 cm, ovoid, softly echinate. Seeds 6-7 x 5-6 mm, ovoid, emarginate, pale yellow.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sholayar, Uppupara, Orukomban, Moozhiar, Sabarimala, Ambayathode, Taliparamba, Panathur, Ayyappankovil, Mukkali forests, Venmony, Nadugani ghats, Vadapuram, Edacode
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