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  Mollugo disticha
 
  Family: MOLLUGINACEAE
  Citation:  Mollugo disticha (L.) Ser. in DC., Prodr. 1: 392.1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:663.1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 553(390). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 127. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 199. 1984; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 306. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 212. 1994; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 332. 2009. Pharnaceum distichum L., Mant. Pl. 2: 221. 1771.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Herbs with several main stems prostrate to ascending from a strong tap-root, branched stems angled, angles sparsely and minutely scabridulous. Leaves in whorls or pseudo-whorls of 4-6 or more, thin, to 3 cm long, lanceolate to spathulate, acute or slightly rounded at apex, contracted gradually to a slight petiole at base, margins subentire, venation pinnate but obscure. Flowers in conspicuous stiff racemoid, to 5 cm long cymes, branches frequently conspicuously zig-zag; pedicels 1-3 mm long, very slender; flower buds globose. Sepals 5, suborbicular, concave, imbricate, greenish-white with white hyaline margins, accrescent to about 4 mm, when mature and enclosing the fruit. Petals 0. Stamens 5, shorter than the sepals. Ovary trilocular, plancetation axile; ovules many, styles 3, very short. Capsule globose, thin walled, dehiscence loculicidal; seeds orbicular, bright chestnut, hilum prominent, surface glossy, tessellate-reticulate.
  Habit: Herb
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Sandy seacoasts and riverbanks
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Veli, Kanichukulangara
   
 
   
 
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