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  Mitrephora heyneana
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Mitrephora heyneana (Hook. f. & Thoms.) Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 8. 1864; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 19(14). 1915; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 244. 1993; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 12. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 58. 2002. Orophea heyneana Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 110. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 77. 1872.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thutta, Vettulingi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees 7-12 m tall; bark 5-6 mm thick, smooth, pale brown; branches ascending, puberulous when young, later glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 4-7 mm, slender, pubescent when young, glabrous when mature, canaliculate above; lamina 5-12 x 2.5-6 cm, ovate-lanceolate or ovate; base obtuse or round; apex acuminate; margin entire, glabrous above, pubescent beneath when young, glabrous when mature, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, intercostae, reticulate, slightly prominent beneath. Flowers bisexual, solitary or 2-3 together in axillary or leaf-opposed cymes, yellowish; pedicels 3-5 mm long, tomentose; sepals 3, minute, ovate or orbicular, brown pubescent; petals 6 (3+3), outer petals 10-15 x 5-8 mm, elliptic obovate or ovate-lanceolate, yellow, pubescent outside and downy on innersides, inner petals 5-8 x 3-5 mm, clawed, cohering, dissimilar to outer, trapezoid, yellow streaked with pink, upper half densely tomentose inside; stamens many, oblong-cuneate, anthers concealed by flat connectives; carpels 6-9, oblong, strigose, style short, stigma globular, sessile, ovules in two rows; Fruit aggregate of berries, fruitlets 1.5 x 1.2 cm, sessile or subsessile, obovoid to subglobose, apiculate, some times constructed between seeds, yellow pubescent, pedicels thick; seeds 1-3.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 800-1200
  Localities: Kombakkayam, Chengamperu, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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