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  Miliusa tomentosa
 
  Family: ANNONACEAE
  Citation:  Miliusa tomentosa (Roxb.) Finet & Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 4: 153. 1906; Sinclair, Gard. Bull. Singapore 14: 378. 1955; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 47. 1990; Debika Mitra in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 221. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 9, 15; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 16. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 40. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 8. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 12. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 3. 2002; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 97. 2009. Uvaria tomentosa Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 35. 1795. Saccopetalum tomentosum (Roxb.) Hook. f. & Thoms., Fl. Ind. 152. 1855 & Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 88. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 22(16). 1915; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 56. 1985.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kanakaitha, Kaithamavu, Thavidi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Large deciduous trees 15-20 m tall; bark 15-25 mm thick, brownish-black, longitudinally grooved; blaze yellowish; young parts tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous; petiole 2-6 mm long, slender, pubescent; lamina 8-17 x 2-10 cm, ovate or oblong-ovate; base cuneate to round or subacute; apex acute, margin entire chartaceous, tomentose above when young, glabrous with age except midrib, tomentose beneath; lateral nerves 8-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent beneath, intercostae reticulate; intramarginal nerves present. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, solitary or a few together, leaf opposed or subterminal cymes, pedicels 3-7 cm long, very slender, tomentose; sepals 3, 5 x 1.5 mm, linear-lanceolate, tomentose; petals 6 (3+3), outer petals sepalloid, linear-lanceolate, 4-7 mm long, tomentose, inner ones ovate-oblong, saccate at base, obtuse, 1.5-2 x 0.5 cm, tomentose on both sides, outer petal shorter than inner; stamens many, connectives apiculate, not concealing the anthers; carpels many, stalked, broadly ovate, brown tomentose; ovules 4-6, in two rows, style absent, stigma capitate. Fruit aggregate of berries, fruitlets 2.5 cm across, subglobose, tapering to base, succulent, purple, stalk stout, 1-1.5 cm long; seeds 4-5.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India, Nepal and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Peechi, Choodal, Thekkady, Vengoli, Palapetty, Mukkali slopes, Taliparamba, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Nedumkayam
   
 
   
 
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