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  Mezoneurum cucullatum
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Mezoneurum cucullatum (Roxb.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 283. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 258. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 395(279). 1919; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 182. 1990; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 236. 1997. Caesalpinia cucullata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 358. 1832; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 90. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 163. 1988; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 10. 1992; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 161. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 105. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 119. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 106. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 195. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 320. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kaka-kalingi-valli, Verimullu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Stout climbers; old stem covered with strong thorns with clavate thick base. Leaves paripinnate, 45 cm long; pinnules 5 or 6 pairs; leaflets 3 pairs, 10 x 4 cm, ovate, acuminate, glabrous; rachis with strong curved thorns. Racemes to 25 cm long, clustered. Flowers 2 cm across, irregular, cucullate. Sepals unequal, lobes obtuse, glabrous. Petals unequal, orbicular; filaments glabrate. Pods 10 x 2.5 cm, flattened, oblong, obtuse, glabrous.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sholayar, Rosemala, Chinnar, Puthussery, Pamba, Orukomban, below Punnamala, Pathenthode, Kalleli, Kannoth, Mukkali forests, Karappa, Thalichola
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