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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Melicope lunu-ankenda
 
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Melicope lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Hartley, Sandakania 4: 61. 1994; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 369.1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 50. 2002; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 603. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 196. 2009. Fagara lunu-ankenda Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 334, t. 68. f. 9. 1778. Euodia lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 7:378.1912; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 148(105). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 104. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 90. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 44. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 83. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 94. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 104. 1990; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 105. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 103. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 54. 1995; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 141. 2002; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 82. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 122. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 53. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 111. 2005. Zanthoxylum roxburghianum Cham., Linnaea 5: 58. 1830. Euodia roxburghiana (Cham.) Benth., Fl. Hongk. 59. 1861; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 487. 1875. Euodia lunu-ankenda (Gaertn.) Merr. var. tirunelvelica Henry & Chandrab., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 15: 144. 1973; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 141. 2002; Mohanan et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 24(1): 75. 2000; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 181. 2000.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kambili, Kanala, Kaneli, Nasakam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 18 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, yellowish-grey, scurfy-muricate, slightly and reticulately fissured, lenticellate; branchlets opposite, minutely pubescent. Leaves trifoliate, opposite; leaflets 3-19.5 x 3-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblanceolate or lanceolate grading to obovate, leaflets 3-19.5 x 3-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblanceolate or lanceolate grading to obovate, base acute or cuneate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, membranous; rachis 40-80 mm long, stout, pubescent, slightly grooved above; petiolules 5-12 mm long; lateral nerves 8-20 pairs pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, white or greenish-yellow, in axillary paniculate cymes, 2-3 mm across; male flowers: ca. 3 mm long; sepals 4, connate at base; ovate-orbicular; petals 4, 2-3 mm long, white, glabrous; stamens 4, inserted at the base of the disc, slightly longer than petals; filaments subulate; anthers oblong; disc annular, thick, 4 or more lobed, densely pubescent; pistillode of 4 rudimentary carpels; female flowers: sepals and petals as in male flowers; staminodes 4, inserted at the base of the disc; ovary superior, subglobose, pubescent abaxially, 4-lobed, 4-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style short; stigma capitate, 4-grooved. Fruit a capsule, of 4 cocci, each 5-6 mm long, ovoid, brown; seeds oblong, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-July
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 950-1500
  Localities: Peechi, Sholayar, Pooppara, Nelluyampathy forests, Pathenthode, Plapally, Moozhiar, Karimbam, Tirunalli, Sreekantapuram, Konnakadu, Pooyamkutty, Thalichola, Vadapuram, Rockwood, Agasthymala peak
   
 
   
 
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