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  Melia dubia
 
  Family: MELIACEAE
  Citation:  Melia dubia Cav., Diss. 7: 364. 1789; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 545. 1875; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 96. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 89. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 111. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 97. 1996; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 495. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 57. 2002; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 63. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 151. 2002; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 655. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 210. 2009. Melia composita Willd., Sp. Pl. 2: 509. 1799; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 176(126). 1915. Melia superba Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 396. 1832. Melia robusta Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 397. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malavemppu, Valiyaveppu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, dark brown, rough, lenticellate, exfoliations rectangular, long and broad, attached by the distal end, exfoliated surface brown; outer part pink, inner fibrous; young shoots and inflorescence scurfy tomentose. Leaves 2-3 pinnate, (rarely 1-pinnate), imparipinnate, attenuate, estipulate, rachis 10-30 cm long, terete, slender, swollen at base, scurfy tomentose when young; pinnae 3-7 pairs, 10-20 cm long; leaflets 2-11 on each pinnae, opposite, estipellate; petiolule 3-10 mm long, slender; lamina 4.5-9 x 2-4 cm, ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, acute, obtuse, round or attenuate, apex acuminate, margin crenate, glabrous at maturity, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm long, greenish-white, in axillary panicles; calyx lobes 5, 2 mm long, ovate, pubescent; petals 5, 7-10 x 1-3 mm, obovate, thick, simple, pubescent within; staminal tube 7 mm, white, scabrid, ribbed, apically dilated, 10-dentate, tooth 2-fid, mouth woolly; disc annular; anthers exserted; ovary superior, oblong 1 mm, 5-celled; ovules 2 per cell; style to 4.5 mm, terete; stigma capitate. Fruit a drupe, 2 x 1 cm, dorsally compressed with longitudinal ridges, yellow, fleshy; seeds 3 or 4, 1 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kasaragode, Idukki, Wayanad, Malappuram, Kollam
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-800
  Localities: Peechi, Palapetty, Anakkalvayal, Kannoth, Mukkali forests, way to Kathalakandi, Mulleria, Attayar
   
 
   
 
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