Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Mastixia arborea ssp. arborea
  Citation:  Mastixia arborea (Wight) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 216. 1872, ssp. arborea; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:745.1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 573(405). 1919; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 129. 1982; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 128. 1988; Matthew in Nayar et al., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 25: 14. 1988; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 46. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 166. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 143. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 302. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 244. 2005. Bursinopetalum arboreum Wight, Ic. t. 956. 1845.
  Malayalam Name(s): Velladambu, Rambamaram, Kattukarpooram, Kunthirikkam, Malamkumizhu, Neerkurunnu, Velluppumaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark pale brown, mottled with dark brown; lenticels up to 1.3 mm; outer bark 2-3 mm thick, shallowly fissured with white blotches outside; inner bark 10-15 mm thick; blaze yellow; exudation insignificant, black in course of time; branchlets subglabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-30 mm, slender, grooved above, flattened, ferrugenous-villous when young; lamina 6-19 x 2-8 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-obovate or obovate, base attenuate or cuneate, apex acuminate, acumen twisted, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 4-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint; glands prominent on either side of midrib beneath. Flowers bisexual, yellowish-green, in terminal corymbose rusty tomentose panicles; lower bracts lanceolate, upto 5 mm, thick, subglabrous; bracteoles 2; calyx tube campanulate, pubescent, lobes 5, spreading, disc yellow, fleshy, shining, 4-5 lobed; petals 5, ovate, fleshy, with an apical notched but without median ridge, valvate; stamens 5, outside the disc, erect; filaments short; anther oblong-cordate; ovary inferior, adnate to the calyx tube, 1-celled; ovule 1, pendulous near the top of the cell; style short, cylindric. Fruit a drupe, cylindric-ovoid, 3.2 cm long, smooth, greenish-purple, persistent disc and sepals in conspicuous; seed ellipsoid.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kozhikkode, Palakkad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1000-1300
  Localities: Choodal, Olikkudy, Sunderamala, Mannavan shola, Walakkad, Thannithode, Kulathupuzha, Chemungi
Kerala News Online