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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Manilkara zapota
 
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Manilkara zapota (L.) P.Royen, Blumea 7: 410. 1953; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 231. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 395. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 268. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 201. 1995; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 297. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 408. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 497. 2009. Achras zapota L., Sp. Pl. 1190. 1753. Achras sapota L., Sp. Pl. (ed.2) 469. 1762; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 534. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 759(533). 1921; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 269. 1996. Sapota achras Mill., Gard. Dict. (ed. 1) 8. 1768. Manilkara achras (Mill.) Fosberg., Taxon 13: 255. 1964; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 157. 1982.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chiku, Sappota
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Chiku, Naseberry, Nispero, Sapota, Sapodilla
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, young parts covered with brown hairs; exudation milky white latex. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered towards the apex of branchlets; petiole 10-30 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 7-15.5 ×2.5-4.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-obovate or elliptic-oblanceolate, base acute or attenuate, apex slightly acuminate with retuse tip, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves many parallel, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers bisexual, white, solitary or in pairs from the axils of upper leaves; pedicels 0.8-2 cm long, scurfy; sepals 6, 3+3; 6.5-10 mm long; corolla 0.7-1.1 cm long, campanulate, greenish-white or cream; lobes 6, irregularly 2-3 toothed; stamens 6, inserted at the top of the corolla tube; filaments free or partly fused with the staminodes; anthers extrorse; staminodes 6, alternating with the stamens, bifid, laciniate, irregularly divided; disc annular, tomentose; ovary superior, hairy, many celled, ovules many; style terminal. Fruit a berry, 3.5-8 × 3-6 cm, ovoid or ellipsoid, scaly; seeds 1.5-2.5 cm long, many, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South America; widely cultivated in the tropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: Yes
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Kanjikuzhi, Villumalai, Ariankavu
   
 
   
 
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