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  Magnolia nilagirica
  Citation:  Magnolia nilagirica (Zenk.) Figlar, Proc. Int. Symp. Magnoliac. 23. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 91. 2009. Michelia nilagirica Zenk., Pl. Ind. 21. t.20. 1835; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 44. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 9 (6). 1915; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 45. 1990; D. C. S. Raju in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 175. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 37. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 58. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 3. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 238. 2000 N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 128. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuchempakam, Vellachempakam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): White Champak
  Description: Trees, 20 m high, blaze yellow; branchlets tomentose, lenticellate. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; stipules 1-1.5 cm long, oblong, coriaceous, woolly, enclosing buds, deciduous, leaving an annular scar; petiole 15-20 mm long, slender, tomentose, grooved above; lamina 5-13 x 3-5.5 cm, obovate to elliptic-obovate, base cuneate or acute, apex acuminate or caudate acuminate, acumen twisted, margin entire, surface alveolate, glabrous above, villous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 13-18 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, white, 7-10 cm across, axillary or terminal, solitary, enclosed by densely pubescent, spathaceous bracts; pedicel 8 mm long, stout; perianth lobes 9-12, 3-5 x 1.2-1.5 cm, obovate, inner smaller; stamens numerous, crowded at the base of gynophore; filaments short, flat; anthers up to 8 mm long, connective appendage 0.5 mm long; carpels many, superior, ovoid, sessile, pubescent. Fruit an aggregate of capsules, 0.8 x 0.8 cm, globose; seed one, scarlet.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Uppermanalar, Aruvampara, Pooyamkutty
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