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  Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia
 
  Family: SAPOTACEAE
  Citation:  Madhuca longifolia (Koenig) Macbr. var. latifolia (Roxb.) A. Chev., Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 23: 149. 1943; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 267. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 179. 1999; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 495. 2009. Bassia latifolia Roxb., Pl. Corom. t.20.1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3:544.1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 763(536). 1921. Madhuca indica J. Gmelin, Syst. Nat. 2:799. 1791; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 395. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 179. 2002. Madhuca latifolia (Roxb.) J.F. Macbr. in Contr. Gray Herb. Harv. Univ. (ns) 53: 17. 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s): Ilupa, Irippa, Njannal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark grey, 1.3 cm thick, vertically cracked, exfoliating in thin scales; blaze reddish-brown or dark red; exudation milky. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the end of branchlets; stipules lateral, lanceolate, cauducous; petiole 20-40 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 10-25 × 6-12 cm, elliptic, base round, obtuse or cuneate, apex acute, acuminate or apiculate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 9-14 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, creamy, axillary; calyx lobes 4 [ 2 +2], obovate, fulvous tomentose, acute; corolla tube 8 mm long, lobes 6-12, oblong; stamens 16, roughly in 3 series; anthers 3.5 mm, sparsely hairy; connectives apiculate; ovary superior, 3 mm long, 6-celled; style 2.5 cm long, exserted, pubescent below; stigma obtuse. Fruit a berry, ovoid, greenish, fleshy, tawny-tomentose with out; pedicel stout; seeds 2.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-July
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Thrissur, Malappuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Banks of rivers in semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: India and Myanmar
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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