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  Macaranga peltata
  Citation:  Macaranga peltata (Roxb.) Muell.-Arg. in DC., Prodr. 15: 1010. 1866; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1326(928). 1925; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 259. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 368. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 341. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 421. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 362. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 720. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 432. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 418. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 345. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 405. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 289. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 626. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 293. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 610. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 449. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 142. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 638. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 742. 2009. Osyris peltata Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 755. 1832. Mappa peltata (Roxb.) Wight, Ic. t. 817. 1844-45. Macaranga roxburghii Wight, Ic. t. 1949, f.4. 1853; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 448. 1887. Macaranga tomentosa Wight, Ic. t. 1949, f.1. 1853.
  Malayalam Name(s): Podini, Thodukanni, Uppila, Uppothy, Vatta, Vattakanni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 18 m high; bark surface pale, greyish-brown mottled with white, smooth, lenticellate; brittle; exudation red, gummy; branchlets thick, terete, glaucous. Leaves simple, alternate, 11-25 x 9-20 cm, ovate-orbicular, deltoid-ovate, ovate or orbicular, apex acute or acuminate, base peltate, margin entire, glabrous or glabrescent, pubescent with reddish glands beneath, coriaceous; stipules large, lateral, ovate-acuminate, reflexed, cauducous; petiole 12-35 mm long, stout, glabrous; lamina 8-10 ribs from base, palmate, prominent beneath; lateral nerves 7-8 pairs, parallel, regular, prominent, intercostae scalariform, much prominent; margin glandular. Flowers unisexual, greenish-yellow. Male flowers: in axillary, much branched, dense, tomentose, panicles, concealed in large bracts; bracteoles concave; tepals 3, minute, obovate, cuneate; stamens 2-8, free, shortly connate below, exserted. Female flowers: in panicles simpler than in males, branches racemes with larger bracts; tepals 4, basally connate at base; ovary superior, 2-6-celled, densely glandular, ovule one in each cell; style lateral; stigma sessile, often embracing one side of the ovary, thickly papillose. Frit a capsule, 5-6 mm across, globose, hairy, glandular, black; seed one, black.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous and secondary forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India, Sri Lanka and Andamans
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Karimala, Angamoozhy, Moozhiar, Kumbla, Taliparamba, Kannoth, Mandhampatti-Mukkali, Nedumkayam, Kulathupuzha, Parappar, Sharangakavu, Agasthymala peak
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