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GARDEN PLANTS
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  Litsea nigrescens
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Litsea nigrescens Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1236(865). 1925. Tetranthera panamanja sensu Wight, Ic. t. 1836. 1852, non Buch.-Ham. 1830. Litsea oleoides sensu Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 397. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 405. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 395. 1994; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 23,31. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 383. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 273. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 587. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 352. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 270. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 571. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 702. 2009, non (Meisner) Hook. f. 1886.
  Malayalam Name(s): Matthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole stout, glabrous; lamina 12.5 x 5 cm, elliptic or oblong, base cuneate, apex obtusely acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; nerves 9-12 pairs, pinnate, obscure, intercostae obscure. Flowers unisexual, yellowish, in axillary and lateral racemes longer than petiole, perianth 6-clefted. Fruit a berry.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-700
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Kokkara, Thekkady, Uppermanalar, Orukomban, Nelluyampathy forests, Kakki hills, Chandanathode, Anmooly slopes, Silent Valley R. F., Chemungi, Thalichola, Ampumala, Attayar, Bonaccord
   
 
   
 
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