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  Litsea bourdillonii
 
  Family: LAURACEAE
  Citation:  Litsea bourdillonii Gamble, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1925: 131. 1925 & Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1237(866). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 347. 1984; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 394. 1994; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 382. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 271. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 349. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 269. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 425. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 700. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 8 m high; branchlets brownish-black tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-17 mm long, stout, dark-brown tomentose; lamina 15-21 x 6-12 cm, obovate or obovate-oblong, base cuneate or acute, apex obtusely acute; margin entire, glabrous above except midrib, fulvous pubescent, punctate and glaucous beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 12-18 pairs, pinnate, prominent beneath, more or less close, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers unisexual, in umbellule which may be sessile or subsessile, in axillary or lateral clusters of 2-5; flowers 4-6 in an umbellule; bracts 4, 5 mm long, orbicular, concave, densely white-tomentose; perianth tube short, lobes 6, densely white-tomentose, stamens 12, in 4 rows; filaments glabrous, those of rows 1 and 2 usually eglandular, those of rows 3 and row 4 with 2-glands; anthers 4-celled, introrse; staminodes in female flowers as the stamens of males but those of the outer rows clavate or linear, those of the inner rows subulate and 2-glandular; ovary half inferior, ovoid; style thick; stigma dilated. Fruit a berry, 10-12 mm long, oblong, seated on a cup-shaped perianth tube.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Wayanad, Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Sholayar, Kallar, Vellimala, Pezha, Pampa, Ponmudi
   
 
   
 
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