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  Limonia acidissima
  Family: RUTACEAE
  Citation:  Limonia acidissima L., Sp. Pl. (ed. 2) 554. 1762; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 95. 1989; K.N. Nair & M.P. Nayar in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 294. 1997; R.K. Premanath in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 600. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 195. 2009. Feronia elephantum Correa, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 5: 224. 1800; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 516. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 160(114). 1915. Feronia limonia (L.) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 4: 328. 1914.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vilankai, Vilarmaram, Vilavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Elephant apple, Wood apple, Curd fruit, Monkey fruit
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark dark-grey or black, deeply cracked longitudinally; thorns straight, to 2.5 cm, axillary. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, 1-3 in a cluster, estipulate; rachis 60-80 mm long, stout, glabrous, often narrowly winged; leaflets 4-7, opposite, sessile, estipellate; lamina 1.3-3.8 × 1.3 cm, obovate, base cuneate or acute, apex obtuse, margin entire, glabrous, pellucid-punctate, coriaceous; lateral nerves pinnate, obscure, intercostae obscure. Flowers polygamous, dull red, 1.3 cm across, in axillary cymes; calyx small, flat, 5-toothed, pubescent with out, deciduous; petals 5, free, spreading; stamens 10-12, inserted round the disc; filaments dilated below, villous on face and margins; anthers linear-oblong; disc thick, annular, pubescent; pistillode short; ovary superior, oblong, 5-6-celled, at length 1-celled, ovules many; stigma oblong, fusiform. Fruit a berry, 5-7.6 cm across, globose, whitish-brown, rind hard and woody; seeds many.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-June
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kottayam, Thrissur, Wayanad, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, also grown in homesteads
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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