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  Lagerstroemia microcarpa
 
  Family: LYTHRACEAE
  Citation:  Lagerstroemia microcarpa Wight, Ic. t. 109. 1839; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 189. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 113. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 192. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 170. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 205. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 202. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 144. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 11. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 195. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 133. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 277. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 148. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 131. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 286. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 228. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 298. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 378. 2009. Lagerstroemia lanceolata Wall. ex Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 576. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 513(362). 1919. Lagerstroemia thomsonii Koehne in Engl., Pflanzenreich Lythrac. 257. 1903; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 513(362). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vellilavu, Venthekku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 30 m high, bark 6-8 mm thick, greyish or greyish-white, smooth, peeling off in thin long and broad flakes; outer parts brittle, inner layers fibrous; branches knotted. Leaves simple, opposite, distichous, 4.5-10 x 3.7-6.5 cm, elliptic, ovate, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute or acuminate, base attenuate or acute, margin entire, glabrous and shining above, velvety pubescent beneath, chartaceous; stipules 2, intrapetiolar, deciduous; petiole 6-15 mm long, slender, glabrous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers bisexual, 5-6 mm across, white, in axillary and terminal panicles. Calyx smooth, hoary, without a ring; lobes 6, triangular, persistent, reflexed. Petals 6, 3 mm long, obovate, white, clawed. Stamens numerous, inserted at the base of calyx tube; filaments long, exserted. Ovary half inferior, sessile, glabrous, 4-6-celled, ovules many; style long, curved; stigma capitate. Fruit a capsule, 8-12 mm long, ovoid, 4-6 valved, dehiscent; seeds many, elongate, falcately winged, brownish.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: June-February
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Moist deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Peechi, Poringal, Vazhani, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Thekkady, Thannikkudy, Karimala, Orukomban, Sungam, Padippara, Kannoth, Nelluyampathy forests, Walayar, Mukkali forests, Kottiyur, Sulthanbathery, Parur, on way to Nilamel, Malayattoor, Karulai, Pathenth
   
 
   
 
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