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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
5094 plants; 880 exotics; 100 more multiple keys for finding plants; 20,000 more plant images; 6,800 local/trade/common names and more...>>>
   
 
  Ixora sivarajiana
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ixora sivarajiana Pradeep, Nordic J. Bot. 17:315. 1997; Pradeep, Fl. Vellarimala 75. 2000; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 424. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuthechi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees 5-8 m tall, stem solid, terete, glabrous with prominent leaf scars. Leaves in whorls of 3 or 4, crowded towards the apices of branchlets, narrowly elliptic-obovate or oblong, 9-16 x 2.5-6 cm, narrowed at base, acute, shortly mucronate, glabrous, coriaceous, margins entire; lateral nerves 12-15 pairs, conspicuous beneath, joining in loops towards margins; stipules broadly ovate, 7-9 x 4-5 mm, long acuminate at apex, glabrous, basal part often persistent; petiole 1-3 cm long, glabrous. Inflorescence a dense pendant, corymbose trichotomously branched branchiate dichasial cyme; peduncle 10-15 cm long, deep pink, usually with a whorl of reduced, subsessile, glabrous, floral leaves near the base, 1.5-5.5 x 0.6-2.5 cm, bracts linear-lanceolate, 2-3 mm long, glabrous above, sparsely pubescent internally towards base. Flowers tetramerous, 6-8 mm in diameter, carmine-pink, sessile or pedicellate, bracteolate; pedicel to 2 mm long, hispid; bracteoles 1.5-2 mm long, linear, minutely hairy. Calyx tube 1 mm long, sepals lanceolate, 1.5 mm long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent with few scattered simple hairs externally and at the throat within. Corolla-lobes 4, oblong, flat and spreading at first, later margins recurved, 4-5 x 3-4 mm, rounded at apex. Stamens 4, attached to the throat by a short filament, filament 1 mm long, glabrous; anthers dorsifixed, yellow, elliptic, 2 mm long. Ovary ellipsoid, 1 mm long, 2-celled with one ovule in each cell, pubescent; stigma bifid, each lobe 1.25 mm long, rounded at apex, glabrous; style 12 mm long, exserted 2 mm beyond the tube, glabrous. Fruit depressed globose, 10-12 mm in diameter, dark purple with short persistent calyx teeth at apex; seeds 2, hemispherical, 7 x 7 mm, glabrous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-May
  District(s): Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Kannur
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -2240
  Localities: Vellarimala
   
 
   
 
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