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  Ixora brachiata
 
  Family: RUBIACEAE
  Citation:  Ixora brachiata Roxb. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 488. 1830; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 142. 1880; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 631(445). 1921; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 211. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 195. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 219. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 195. 1989; Tariq Husain & Paul, J. Econ. Tax. Bot. Addl. ser. 5, 161.1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 233. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 234. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 176. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 18. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 225. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 155. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 330. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 176. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 151. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 324. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 255. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 421. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Marachekki, Marachethi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gorbale
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 8 m high, bark smooth, greyish-brown; branchlets terete, glabrous. Leaves simple, opposite, decussate, 7.5-20 x 3-7 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, obovate, elliptic or elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse, base attenuate, acute or cuneate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; stipule 4-4.5 mm x 5-6 mm, interpetiolar, apex acute; petiole 5-20 mm long, stout, glabrous; lateral nerves 6-20, pinnate, very slender; intercostae reticulate, slender. Flowers bisexual, white, fragrant, small, sessile, in terminal, long peduncle, bracteate, panicled cyme; peduncles and pedicels puberulus. Calyx tube minute, 4 teethed, membranous. Corolla tube 6 mm long, slender, lobes 4, oblong, recurved. Stamens 4, attached to the mouth of corolla tube; anthers sagitate. Ovary 2-celled, inferior, ovules one in each cell; style filiform; stigma bifid. Fruit berry, red-purple, 5 mm across, globose, glabrous; pyrenes planoconvex.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 300-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Rosemala, Kattalappara, Kulathupuzha, Pamba, Parambikulam, Kariamchola, Kothala, Moozhiar, Arampa, Nedumpoyil, Ezhimala, Karimbam, Panoth, Parappa, Mukkali forests, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Kasaragod, Kanjirakadavu, Nedumkayam, The
   
 
   
 
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