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  Ilex denticulata
  Citation:  Ilex denticulata Wall. ex Wight, Illustr. 2: t. 142. 1850; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 600. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 200(144). 1915; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 35. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 36. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 65. 1998; D. Basu in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 53. 2000; M. Reema et al. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 693. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high; bark 1.3 cm thick, grey, smooth; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 10-13 mm, slender, glabrous, grooved above; lamina 5-16 x 2-3 cm, elliptic-oblong, obovate or elliptic, base cuneate or subacute, apex acuminate, margin dentate or serrate, coriaceous, glabrous; lateral nerves 6-9 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, ascending, intercostae reticulate. Flowers unisexual, white, 4-merous, 6 mm, across; male: in branched short axillary cymes; calyx tube cupular, 0.5 mm, lobes 4, persistent broad, subacute; petals 4, 4 x 2 mm, white, oblong, connate at the very base; stamens 4, adhering to the base of the corolla; filaments subulate; anthers oblong, dorsifixed; disc absent; pistillode globose; female; in fascicles; calyx as in male flowers, petals free; staminodes hypogynous; ovary ovoid, syncarpous, style very short. Fruit a drupe, globose, 6-7 mm across, brown, smooth, with persistent calyx and 4-lobed, stigma; pyrenes 4, oblong-elliptic, 4-5 x 3 mm, striate or rugose; pedicel stout.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-February
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 1600-2500
  Localities: Ezhanakkuzhi

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