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  Humboldtia brunonis var. brunonis
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Humboldtia brunonis Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 17. t.233. 1832, var. brunonis; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 263. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 411(291). 1919; Sanjappa, Blumea 31: 333. 1986 & Legumes Ind. 30. 1992; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 145. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 166. 1988; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 326. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattasokam, Kaduasoka
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark dark brown to black; branchlets solid, sometimes swollen, pubescent when young, glabrous at maturity, lenticellate. Leaves paripinnate, alternate, leaflets (2)-4, opposite, 7-20 x 2.2-8 cm, obovate oblong, oblong or elliptic-oblong, apex obtusely acuminate, base unequal, margin entire, glabrous, sparsely depressed glandular beneath, coriaceous; stipules 1-2 x 0.25-0.5 cm, lateral, linear, prominently parallel veined, glabrous, depressed glandular; appendages broadly reniform, divergently veined, glabrous, glandular, persistent; rachis 20-40 mm long, obscurely winged, shallowly grooved above, tomentose, pulvinate; petiolules 3-5 mm long, stout; lateral nerves 7-13 pairs, pinnate, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 2-3 cm long, white, in axillary pendulous, brown pubescent, racemes; pedicels 4-5 mm long, pilose; bracts ovate, acute, pubescent without, fugacious; bracteoles 2, connate below, obovate or obovate-oblong, obtuse at apex, pubescent on both surfaces, shortly ciliate along margin. Calyx tube 8-10 mm long, lined by the disc, pubescent without; lobes 4, concave, imbricate, acute or obtuse at tip, densely pubescent without and thinly within, reddish, fugacious. Petals 3, white, pink or orange, ovate, shortly clawed, veined, glabrous. Stamens 5, perfect, free, alternating with 5 minute staminodes, deep pinkish; filaments 2 cm long, glabrous; anthers 2-3 mm long, versatile. Ovary 5 mm long, half inferior, stipitate, obliquely linear; ovules 3-5,densely pubescent; style filiform, 10 mm long, pilose at base; stigma capitate. Fruit a pod 5-10 x 2-4 cm, dolabriform, brown pubescent when young; seeds 3-4.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-November
  District(s): Kasaragode, Kannur, Wayanad, Malappuram, Kozhikkode, Ernakulam
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 200-350
  Localities: Ambayathode, Chandanathode, Panathur, Payyavur
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