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  Homalium jainii
 
  Family: FLACOURTIACEAE
  Citation:  Homalium jainii Henry & Swamin., Journ. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 78. 570. 1981; Mohanan et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 24: 76. 2000; R.L. Mitra in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 412. 1993; Gopalan & Henry, Endemic Pl. Agasthiyamala 246. 2000; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 74. 2002; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 273. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 30 m high, bark grey, blaze yellow; branches glabrous. Leaf simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-12 mm, slender, red, grooved above; lamina 4-11 x 1.5-4.5 cm, elliptic-lanceolate, base acute, apex acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 10-12 mm across, greenish-yellow, scattered in short, grey tomentose simple racemes up to 20 cm long; pedicel 10 mm, slender, articulate, red; bracts 4 x 2 mm, ovate-oblong, subacute, grey-tomentose, cauducous; calyx green, tube obconic, grey-tomentose, lobes 6-9, 5-8 mm, oblong to spathulate, obtuse at apex, nerved, tomentose, accrescent; petals 6-9, 4-7× 1.5-3 mm, triangular-oblong, similar to the sepals, but smaller than sepals, tomentose, connivent after anthesis, green; disc glands obovate, slightly lobed, opposite to sepals, velvety; stamens in fascicles of 6-7 before each petal; 3 between disc glands, rest inserted at the base of the petals above the disc glands; filaments 4-5 mm long, sparsely pilose; ovary tomentose; styles 6-9.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-December
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Along banks of rivers in evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Altitude: 500-1000
  Localities: Kovitherimalai near Bonnacourd estate, Amburi, Amburi
   
 
   
 
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