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KERALA PLANTS - DVD
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  Harpullia arborea
 
  Family: SAPINDACEAE
  Citation:  Harpullia arborea (Blanco) Radlk., Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Koenigl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. Muenchen 16: 404. 1890; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 124. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 112. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 131. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 77. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 117. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 75. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 163. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 78. 1998; P.C. Pant in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 365. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 74. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 142. 2005; P. Singh & E. Vajr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 779. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 244. 2009. Ptelea arborea Blanco, Fl. Filip. (ed. 1) 63. 1837. Harpullia imbricata (Blume) Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 56. 1858; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 253(180). 1918. Octonychium imbricatum Blume, Rumphia 3: 180. 1849. Harpullia cupanoides sensu Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 692. 1875p.p., non Roxb. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chittilamadakku, Puzhukkolli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Dolls eyes, Mogum-mogum
  Description: Trees, to 15 m high, bole fluted; bark 3-5 mm thick, pale grey, smooth, lenticels horizontal, semi fibrous; branchlets fulvus tomentose. Leaves pari pinnate, alternate, estipulate; leaflets 8-12, subopposite or alternate, 5-20 x 2.5-10 cm, lanceolate, oblong, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-lanceolate, apex acuminate, base oblique, margin entire, glabrous, membranous; rachis 9-31 cm, slender, pubescent, swollen at base; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent; intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamodioecious, 10-12 mm long, yellowish-green, in axillary, or subterminal drooping panicles. Sepals 5, free, imbricate. Petals 5, long clawed, oblong; disc small, 5 lobed. Stamens 5-8, inserted within the disc; filaments slender; anthers oblong. Ovary superior, ovoid, 2-celled, ovules 2 in each cell, super posed; style elongate; stigma linear, usually more or less twisted. Fruit a capsule, 20-25 x 30-35 mm, scarlet, 2 lobed, 2-celled, inflated, loculicidally 2 valved, coriaceous; seeds 2, ellipsoid, black, shining; aril orange.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Vellanimala, Vazhachal, Rosemala, Kallar, Thekkady, Arjunankotta, Vengoli, Karimala, Walayar, Kakki dam area, on way to Kannoth, Mandhampatti-Mukkali, Thalichola, Ampumala, Nadugani ghats, Thenmalai, Kalangkunnu
   
 
   
 
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