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  Gyrocarpus asiaticus
 
  Family: HERNANDIACEAE
  Citation:  Gyrocarpus asiaticus Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 982. 1806; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 271. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 272. 2002. Gyrocarpus jacquinii Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 1. 1795 p.p.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 461. 1878. Gyrocarpus americanus sensu Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1242(869). 1925, non Jacq. 1763.
  Malayalam Name(s): Thanukku
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 20 m high, bark silvery grey or greyish-yellow, smooth; blaze dull-yellow; leafscars prominent, shining; tender parts pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, crowded at apex, estipulate; petiole 10-15 cm long, slender, puberulus; lamina 10-18 x 9-15 cm, broadly ovate, base truncate or subcordate, apex acute or acuminate; margin entire or some times 3-lobed, glabrous above and appressed pubescent below, chartaceous; 3-ribbed from base, palmate, lateral nerves 3-5 pairs, forked, intercostae scalariform, slender, faint. Flowers unisexual, greenish-yellow, in subterminal panicled cymes to 4 cm, tomentose; male flowers 5 mm across; tepals 4-7, to 1.5 mm, unequal, ovate, concave, pubescent; stamens 4-7, inserted at the bottom of the perianth, alternating with as many staminodes; filaments 2 mm; staminodes glandular, obtuse, flat; female flowers : 3 mm across; tepals 4-7, basally adnate to the ovary, pubescent; ovary inferior, 1-celled, ovule 1, pendulous; stigma inferior. Fruit a drupe, 1 x 0.8 cm, ovoid, pubescent, wings 2, oblanceolate; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Tropical West and East Africa, Tropical Asia, Polynesia and South America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Chinnar, Kuchimudi, Pandaravarai
   
 
   
 
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